10-Rep Learning ~ Teague's Tech Treks

Learning Technology & Tech Observations by Dr. Helen Teague


Memorial Day Weekend ~ Monday

red Poppy in cemetery


In Flanders Fields

by John McCrae, May 1915

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

American Legion Family - National Poppy Day






Memorial Day Weekend ~ Saturday

The Significance of Red Poppies to Honor Those Who Gave The Ultimate Sacrifice

Red Poppies Graphics FairyRed poppies have been a symbol of the aftermath of battles. The pairing of Red poppies and mourning for soldiers’ sacrifice has been linked to the Napoleonic war when red poppies (Palaver rhoeas), would be observed growing over soldiers’ graves.
Professor Michael was professor at the University of Georgia at the time the war broke out, yet she took a leave of absence to volunteer at the New York headquarters of the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA). Two days before the armistice, Professor Moina Michael read the poem “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae. The poem was published in the magazine, Ladies’ Home Journal.
Inspired by John McCrae’s poetic verses, in 1918, Professor Michael wrote her own poem in response, which she titled “We Shall Keep Faith.”

We Shall Keep the Faith
by Moina Michael, November 1918

Oh! you who sleep in Flanders Fields,
Sleep sweet – to rise anew!
We caught the torch you threw
And holding high, we keep the Faith
With All who died.

We cherish, too, the poppy red
That grows on fields where valor led;
It seems to signal to the skies
That blood of heroes never dies,
But lends a lustre to the red
Of the flower that blooms above the dead
In Flanders Fields.

And now the Torch and Poppy Red
We wear in honor of our dead.
Fear not that ye have died for naught;
We’ll teach the lesson that ye wrought
In Flanders Fields.

silk red poppies
Professor Michael gave fabric blooms to her academic colleagues to wear in remembrance of soldiers.  After the war ended, Professor Michael returned to the university town of Athens, Georgia, and thought about the best way to continue her practice of remembrance.
She began to craft and sell red silk poppies to raise money to support war veterans as they returned to the United States.
Over time, Professor Michael organized a campaign to create a national symbol for remembrance which would be a poppy in the colors of the Allied nations’ flags entwined around a victory torch. At the beginning of 1920, she secured a pledge from Georgia’s branch of the American Legion, to adopt the poppy (minus the torch) as its symbol.
In September, 1920, the National American Legion voted to use the poppy as the official U.S. National emblem of remembrance.
American Legion Family - National Poppy Day

Pruitt, S. (2017). The WWI origins of the poppy as a remembrance symbol. History.com.

National American Legion (2021). The Poppy Story. https://www.legion.org/poppyday/history

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