10-Rep Learning ~ Teague's Tech Treks

Learning Technology & Tech Observations by Dr. Helen Teague


What are Standards? What Are Objectives?

Many educational lesson plans, curriculum guides, curriculum maps, and research documents reference Standards and Objectives.

Here is a video and downloadable file that explains more about standards, objectives, the teachers that lovingly craft them, and the students who learn from them. 


Link: https://4oops.edublogs.org/files/2022/11/WhatAreStandards_WhatAreObjectives.docx


Weekend Ed Quote ~ October 21

“Our goal is to build an amiable school, where children, teachers and families feel at home. Such a school requires careful thinking and planning concerning procedures, motivations and interests. It must embody ways of getting along together, of intensifying relationships.”
~Loris Malaguzzi, The Hundred Languages of Children






Edwards, C., Gandini, L. & Forman, G. (1993). The hundred languages of children.  Ablex.
Also available through Google Books 



#CUNE607 #CUNE604, #CUNE605


More Weekend Ed. Quotes


Can We Talk? No, Really!

One of the many setbacks of the past two years is the learning voids among students who were kept home and not in school or other learning environments.

Perhaps our society forgot that “children don’t think like adults” (Papert, 1999)  and their needs, especially for social connections are vastly different from adults (Piaget, 1966). The earlier works of Vygotsky and later works of Bruner (1968), Papert, Lave and Wenger form a continuum of social-emotional learning.

speaking bubbles

Children learn to talk by … talking (Bruner, 1968). The human voice in real-time is preferred. Along with talking, we must utilize question wait time and active listening.


Educators (and those who love them) can use EdTech Digital tools to catalyst the process of student talk in learning environments.

Here is a list of reliable online strategy “How-To’s”

Chatting It Up: How to Increase Student Talk Time in The ESL Classroom from Concordia University- https://www.cune.edu/academics/resource-articles/chatting-it-how-increase-student-talk-time-esl-classroom

9 Strategies for Getting More Students to Talk from Edutopia – https://www.edutopia.org/article/9-strategies-getting-more-students-talk

The Big List of Class Discussion Strategies, by Jennifer Gonzalez at Cult of Pedagogy – https://www.cultofpedagogy.com/speaking-listening-techniques/

Structured Student Talk from CCOE- https://www.scoe.org/files/el14-structured-student-talk-handout.pdf

Turn and Talk Strategy with Video Demonstrations from Teacher Toolkit – There is a Pre-K and older student version- https://www.theteachertoolkit.com/index.php/tool/turn-and-talk






Bruner, J. (1968). Child’s Talk: Learning to use language. Basic Books.

Concordia University (2019). Chatting it up: How to increase student talk time in the ESL classroom.

Gonzalez, J. (2015). The Big List of Classroom Discussion Strategie. Cult of Pedagogy. https://www.cultofpedagogy.com/speaking-listening-techniques/

Papert, S. (1999). Papert on piaget. Time magazine, pág105. https://ase.tufts.edu/DevTech/courses/readings/papertonpiaget.pdf

Piaget, J. and Inhelder, B. (1966). The psychology of the child. Basic Books.

Reid, R. (2019). 9 strategies for getting more students to talk. Edutopia. https://www.edutopia.org/article/9-strategies-getting-more-students-talk

Sonoma County Office of Education (SCOE), (2021). Structured Student Talk. https://www.scoe.org/files/el14-structured-student-talk-handout.pdf

TeacherToolKit: Turn and Talk Strategy (2014-2022). https://www.theteachertoolkit.com/index.php/tool/turn-and-talk

Teague, H. (2022). Learning Theory-> Vygotsky’s ZPD/MKO Constructivism and Paper’s Constructionsim. [VideoFile]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/embed/TnnBpiSNSeU


Weekend Ed. Quote ~ February 25

“Studying goes deeper than mere reading.” ~Mary McLeod Bethune

Bethune Quote on Studying



#CUNE604, #CUNE605


More Weekend Ed. Quotes


EDP Cycle – Crowdsourcing the Beta Test!

The EDP Cycle remains relevant! There is one phase of the grade 5-12 EDP cycle that every classroom participant can relate to, whether student or teacher, and that is “Build a model or Prototype.” In the K-4 EDP Cycle, this component is labeled “Evaluate.”

EDP 5-12 model EDP K-4















The “Build a Model or Prototype/Evaluate phase is continuously being applied in business using the word Beta test. Here is an example from current business news that fits with all of the snow of the Winter season. 

The Snowbot is a square robot that shovels snow! Here it is in action! 



Currently in development and Beta text by the company – https://www.thesnowbot.com/pages/become-a-beta-tester

STEM/STEAM Application:
Have you ever participated in a Beta test?  It might be a fun class activity to show the Snowbot videos to Students who would serve in the role of Focus Group participants! What do you think about this and/or what other EDP applications come to mind when viewing the Snowbot videos?


SQ4R – Learning Strategy for Adult Learning Andragogy

The SQ4R active learning strategy and reading system provides scaffolding for textbook reading and taking notes.

The letters in theSQ4R acronym stand for five steps:

Recite …and…

Some versions change words four and five for the key words: Survey, Question, Read, Respond, Record, and Review.

These key words will help all students, but especially busy graduate students learn more from textbook reading with better preparation for assignments, posts, and quizzes. SQ5R also helps identify gaps in understanding, which is very helpful for online learning, since most of the initial concept acquisition is completed during solitary study.

The most effective way to implement SQ4R is to think of Before Reading, During Reading, and After Reading. 


Image Link: http://mhcedls.weebly.com/sq4r.html

Let’s go granular with the five components.

Survey: Scan the titles and subtitles. Study the pictures, charts, or graphs.Read the chapter preface,summary and any chapter questions.

Question: Turn each title, section title, and the first sentence of every paragraph into a question

Read: Read only one section at a time and look to answer the questions that you created.

Reflect: Connect what you’ve read to the Discussion Forum prompts and the assignment instructions. Also, consider connections to your professional practice. 

Recite/Record: Speak out loud the questions you created and the answers you’ve found. Read outloud the bolded or emphasized portions of the text. My daughter used to use the record feature on her iPhone to record important components of the readings and her impressions. 

Review: Keep notes out and visible for quick review. Several students have shared that they take a photo of their notes with their mobile phone and/or take a screenshot of digital notes. Many students have shared that they email their notes to their work email address so they can see them at work. Look at notes first before each new study session. 


To learn more, please see the information at this link from Educational Learning Strategies. http://mhcedls.weebly.com/sq4r.html 


Additional SQ4R Resources: 

University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh: https://www.usu.edu/academic-support/files/SQ4R_Reading_System.pdf

Utah State University:

University of Guelph:

Queen’s University: http://sass.queensu.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/Reading-2020.pdf

Image Link: http://mhcedls.weebly.com/sq4r.html 


Back-to-School Routines and Tips Share

“Power comes when you make life predictable.”
~ Professor Howard H. Stevenson, (1941- present)

Back to School Image from TCEA

image from TCEA.org


The First Day of School for Teachers is similar to Opening Night on Broadway!
Day 2 of the new school year is very important for setting and reinforcing routines which will help students feel safe as they are invited to learn.

What are your Back-to-School Routines?

What are your Back-to-School Tips? 


Let’s collectively share our Back to School Routines and/or Tips! All of our Routines/Tips.

Together will create a Back to School Routine Treasure Chest!


Here are some Resource Links for More Information on Back to School Routines ~~ Please Share Additional Links!

Back to School Routine Ideas: https://www.organizedmom.net/back-to-school-back-to-routine/

Back to School Routine: Tips for Creating Structure

7 Tips to Ease into a Back-to-School Routine

Two Daily Routines to Get Ready for Back-to-School


Image Source: http://lafayette-antiques.com/2019/08/happy-back-to-school/


Deconstructing Liberal Arts

Lecture Notes from Nebraska Professional Development Session

Liberal arts is a trifecta of a  method of study, a program of study, and a label of study. 

The Method of Study: Hutchins and Adler devised the Shared Inquiry method, publishing engaging classroom materials, and creating educational programs that develop critical thinking skills, reflective thinking, formulate compelling arguments, communicate well and solve problems. As the process crystallized, the ideals of strengthening social and civic engagement, and reaching new and underserved audiences emerged. Hutchins and Adler’s working laboratory was the U of Chicago. 

I thought you might like a quote from Adler and Hutchins’ Britannica –In America, the curriculum goal of study for liberal arts was in “imparting general knowledge and developing general intellectual capacities in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum.” Interestingly, learning a trade was done as a progression from apprentice, journeyman, and artisan.

At this same time period, Dewey is espousing a Progressive form of Education, which is addressed in Week 4. In Russia (U.S.S.R.), Vygotsky (also Week 4) is developing socio-cultural ideas but it wasn’t until glasnost that his work became widely known, which is why so many of the copyright dates on his work are circa 1978-1982. 

This is why I beat the drum consistently that it is important for all graduate students to view these ideas as a continuum and as approaches to the great social experiment of educating all, instead of educating a few. 

The Program of Study: 

An American Liberal-Arts curriculum often includes the Big Three: Humanities, Science-Math, and Social Sciences.

Humanities originally was literature, language, philosophy, fine arts, and history. The language at first was Latin followed by additional languages. Science-Math included the physical and biological sciences and mathematics. 

In Europe, liberal arts were composed of seven elements subdivided into the trivium (grammar, rhetoric, and logic) and the quadrivium (geometry, arithmetic, music, and astronomy). In Mexico, universities began circa 1891 and in South America, universities date from 1592-1828.  

Regarding other types of school curriculum. There were seminaries, divinity schools, classical schools, law, and medical schools. Today, there are technical schools, commercial colleges which might teach medical transcription, bookkeeping, office skills, legal transcription, etc…

Some families chose private tutors for children and small towns would hire a “school teacher” for multi-age groups of children (one room school). . 

Through the work of Adler, Hutchins and others, liberal arts curriculum was advanced beyond classical school campuses to more people as the country grew and became more industrialized. The “marginalized population” criticism is a reflection of popular culture. Prior to American Perennialism, there wasn’t the grand social experiment of education for all. There was education for men of advanced intellect.  

Harvard opened in 1636 as a ministry training school. Some people reason that there were only Caucasian men but that is not entirely accurate. See Richard Theodore Greener, 1870.There was graduate availability for women in 1920 through Harvard Graduate School of Education. (Remember, women did not receive the National vote until 1920 (although Wyoming (1869), Texas (1919) Harvard Law admitted women undergrads in 1950 through the Radcliffe College system. The College of William and Mary was founded in 1693 and admitted women in 1918. 

Princeton, Yale, did not admit women until 1969 (when Armstrong walked on the moon!) and Columbia (where my dad obtained his Masters) did not admit women until 1983.(!) Things were different on the West Coast. Cal Berkeley opened in 1968 and admitted women two years later in 1870. My grandmother studied Botany there in 1914 or so. 


The Label of Liberal Arts: As a marketing tool, lots of schools use the label of liberal arts to include just about every subject beyond the original seven. Marketing will feature short time periods and an incentive of a job. In the original definition, a liberal arts curriculum was to promote a productive and meaningful life. Although, the restaurant down the street has a sign that says, “Home-Cooked Meals,” everyone knows that the meals were not made at home… When we eat there, we are buying the marketing. 


Hope this helps as you all build your conceptual knowledge and timeline logistics!



Dr. Walter E. Williams, Economics Legend

 there is a sad item in the news today…

Dr. Walter E. Williams, an Economics Legend passed away (March 31, 1936 – December 2, 2020). Dr. Williams was not only an Economist but also the John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of economics at George Mason University in Virginia. Dr. Williams was also an author and commentator in economics, education, and history. My Dad took us kids to hear him speak and/or listen to him discuss ideas when both were students at UCLA (in those days, university commons were like Malls of Ideas; there were many impromptu gatherings of people who would meet to just discuss topics and ideas). Growing up, in my family, our allowance was tied to choren and reading essays by great thinkers. Dr. Walter E. Williams was frequently on the reading list for the week. “Economics for the Citizen” remains a must read! In 2005, some of Dr. Williams’ essays were collected in a book, now digitized on Google Books, including a digital version of “Economics for the Citizen” 

Of the many quotes attributed to Dr. Williams, here are two:

“I personally believe that economics is fun and valuable. People who say they found it a nightmare in college just didn’t have a good teacher-professor. I became a good teacher-professor as a result of tenacious mentors during my graduate study at UCLA. Professor Armen Alchian, a very distinguished economist, used to give me a hard time in class. But one day, we were having a friendly chat during our department’s weekly faculty/graduate student coffee hour, and he said, ‘Williams, the true test of whether someone understands his subject is whether he can explain it to someone who doesn’t know a darn thing about it.’ That’s a challenge I love: making economics fun and understandable.” ~Dr. Walter E. Williams, Economics for the Citizen


This quote helped shape my teaching philosophy:

“At the beginning of each semester, I tell students that my economic theory course will deal with positive, non-normative economic theory. I also tell them that if they hear me making a normative statement without first saying, ‘In my opinion,” they are to raise their hands and say, ‘Professor Williams, we didn’t take this class to be indoctrinated with your personal opinions passed off as economic theory; that’s academic dishonesty.’ I also tell them that as soon as they hear me say, ‘In my opinion,’ they can stop taking notes because my opinion is irrelevant to the subject of the class — economic theory.” ~Dr. Walter E. Williams, Economics for the Citizen

Also, the correspondence between Dr. Williams and Dr. Thomas Sowell (another giant of critical thinking) is featured in the book “A Man of Letters” also available to read online at the GCU Library

Rest in peace, Dr. Williams



The Power of Effective Questioning Strategies ~ Nicole Biscotti

From the Twitter Archives, August 31, 2019… this tweet became the basis for one of my educational resolutions at the start of 2020, before the pandemic changed my halcyon little resolution activity.

When Students ask Questions they:

1. Take responsibility
2. Are engaged
3. Have confidence
4. Trust their Teachers
5. Are empowered
How do we support & empower our Students by encouraging inquiry in our classrooms?
by Nicole Biscotti, M.Ed.



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