10-Rep Learning ~ Teague's Tech Treks

Learning Technology & Tech Observations by Dr. Helen Teague


Weekend Ed. Quote ~ June 7

“History teaches a working understanding of change. History helps us better understand how, when, and why change occurs (or should be sought) on a larger scale.” ~Trish Thomas, Williamsburg

History Terms Word Cloud



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D-Day 1944 President Franklin Roosevelt and the New Media of Radio

D-Day 1944 President Franklin Roosevelt and the New Media of Radio

Posting in observance of the 80th anniversary of D-Day, the storming of the beaches at Normandy, June 6, 1944.

A frequent educational focus addresses New Media and its uses in the classroom. 

On June 6, 1944, the New Media of that time was radio. Radio connected Americans to news of World War II. Radio was a common media used by the 32nd U.S. President Roosevelt. President Roosevelt’s talks and radio addresses were known as “Fireside Chats.”  The Fireside Chat series of evening radio addresses were given by Franklin D. Roosevelt between 1933 and 1944. His final Fireside Chat occurred on June 11, 1944 just a few days after the D-Day battle.

In a radio broadcast, President Roosevelt used his time on radio to pray. He read a National Prayer to 100 million Americans on the evening of the D-Day invasion of Normandy

See also the print resource posted on the History.com website: https://www.history.com/speeches/franklin-d-roosevelt-delivers-d-day-prayer 

Questions for this optional classroom discussion…

  1. Why was the radio such an effective communication tool in the 1930s and 1940s? What would be a comparable method of communication today?
  2. How do you think FDR’s radio presence affected the public’s perception of U.S. entry into World War II? 
  3. Why do you think it would have been reassuring to hear a president’s words of prayer over the radio? 
  4. Can you imagine this kind of address happening today? Please Explain.

     Thank you for considering the bravery, and sacrifice of the heroes on D-Day and the way that the New Media of that period helped Americans to feel reassured and hopeful. 




Franklin D. Roosevelt’s Presidential Library and Museum (2009). Fireside Chats Of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
     Marist College http://docs.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/firesi90.html

History.com (2024). Franklin D. Roosevelt Delivers D-Day Prayer.

The National World War 2 Museum (2024, June 6). Franklin D. Roosevelt’s D-Day Prayer, June 6, 1944. [VideoFile.]      YouTube. https://youtu.be/_dl6Gpa6QYM?feature=shared




Weekend Ed. Quote ~ May 31

“The most important thing in communication is hearing what isn’t said.”

~Peter Drucker

Active Listening_Theo Dawson

Active Listening, Theo Dawson



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Scholarly Writing: Ethical Concerns Persist with Generative A.I.

     ChatGPT, an artificial intelligence chat bot from the company OpenAI, came into the spotlight in 2022. ChatGPT is one of a few generative text aggregators available to the public (Dehouche, 2021; Rutter & Mintz, 2023). 

     Generative text renderers such as ChatGPT, can generate collections of information, and some schools are banning the tool from its devices and networks altogether (Korn & Kelly, 2023).

     Some ways that generative text can be used include the following (Dehouche, 2021. Korn & Kelly, 2023; Rutter & Mintz, 2023; Washburn, 2023).

  • Biographical references 
  • Bibliography citations
  • Lesson plan creation
  • Student assessment 
  • Define terms and explain challenging concepts  
  • Solve math equations 
  • Course syllabi 
  • Explore debate topics through theoretical lenses 
  • Render written text in various styles including descriptive and argumentative 
  • Writing samples in job application packets
  • Research reports
  • Speeches
  • Medical reports

     Some educators, scientists, and other professionals are questioning the ethical practices of using generative A.I. (Hagendorff, 2020; Korn & Kelly, 2023; Kozma, 2024; Kozma, et al., 2023; Mollick, 2023).  Generative A.I. may function best in idea generation, brainstorming, and turbo-charged searching. 

      A measured, research-based approach is needed to emerging counter research that authenticity may be missing (Williams, 2024). “AI has a tendency to deceive us, even when there are guardrails in place…This should give us pause and an opportunity to reflect on the morality of our everyday transactions and discourse. Are we so focused, as a people, on self-interest that deception is a foundational feature of our culture?” warns Dr. Robert Kozma, Emeritus Principal Scientist, SRI International and Author (2024).  

     Ethical concerns  persist in the area of  academic writing (Kozma, 2023; Mollick, 2023; Teague, 2023). Although the marketing for ChatGPT and its variants indicates that it generates original writing, it does not do this because it is solipsistic, or existing only within itself and therefore not reflecting peer-reviewed sources (Teague, 2023). 

      Instead, artificial intelligence chatbots, such as ChatGPT, assemble and render content based on sources indexed online, based on the prompts it is provided. This process is similar to compiling a Playlist, mixed , or mixed tape. The sources used in compilation may or may not be copyright-free and they may not be peer-reviewed. Sometimes, the claims and sources composed by A.I. do not exist in an A.I. process known as hallucinations (Alkaissi & McFarlane, 2023; Athaluri, et al., 2023; Emsley, 2023; Salvagno, et al., 2023).

     The lack of peer-reviewed source citation is a pivotal concern. Accuracy and methodical review are necessary components of scholarly writing. Continued advocacy and research is needed to inform potential ethical practices. The hallucinations composed by generative A.I. indicate a disturbing ethical concern of deliberate counterfeit writing, replete with falsifications (Dell’Acqua, 2022; Teague, 2024).  In Dell’Acqua’s pertinent caution, A fundamental mistake I see people building AI information retrieval systems making is the assumption that, if they provide links to original documents as part of the AI answer, people will check sources & correct hallucinations. Our work shows that doesn’t happen, if the AI is generally good, people ‘fall asleep at the wheel’ and just trust the AI answers” (2022).


Alkaissi, H., & McFarlane, S. I. (2023). Artificial hallucinations in ChatGPT: implications in scientific writing. Cureus, 15(2).

Athaluri, S. A., Manthena, S. V., Kesapragada, V. K. M., Yarlagadda, V., Dave, T., & Duddumpudi, R. T. S. (2023). Exploring the boundaries of reality: investigating the phenomenon of artificial intelligence hallucination in scientific writing through ChatGPT references. Cureus, 15(4).

Dehouche, N. (2021). Plagiarism in the age of massive generative pre-trained transformers (GPT-3). Ethics in Science and Environmental Politics, (2), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.3354/esep00195  

Dell’Acqua, F. (2022). Falling asleep at the wheel: Human/AI collaboration in a field experiment on HR recruiters. https://www.almendron.com/tribuna/wp-content/uploads/2023/09/falling-asleep-at-the-whee.pdf 

Emsley, R. (2023). ChatGPT: these are not hallucinations–they’re fabrications and falsifications – Editorial. Schizophrenia, 9(1), 52. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41537-023-00379-4.pdf  https://doi.org/10.1038/s41537-023-00379-4

Hagendorff, T. (2020). The ethics of AI ethics: An evaluation of guidelines. Minds and machines, 30(1), 99-120.

Korn, J. & Kelly, S. (2023). New York City public schools ban access to AI tool that could help students cheat. CNN Business. https://www.cnn.com/2023/01/05/tech/chatgpt-nyc-school-ban/index.html

Kozma, R. (May, 2024). AI systems are getting better at tricking us. [Shared Content]. LinkedIn. https://www.linkedin.com/groups/4376214?q=highlightedFeedForGroups&highlightedUpdateUrn=urn%3Ali%3AgroupPost%3A4376214-7196217781191675906&lipi=urn%3Ali%3Apage%3Ad_flagship3_profile_view_base_recent_activity_content_view%3BWPMd%2FaksR7yYD2tmBhdIow%3D%3D

Kozma, R., Alippi, C., Choe, Y., & Morabito, F. C. (Eds.). (2023). Artificial intelligence in the age of neural networks and brain computing. Academic Press.

Mollick, E. (2023). Centaurs and cyborgs on the jagged frontier. One Useful Thing.


Quora (2023). Etymology of the word solipsism. https://www.quora.com/What-is-the-etymology-of-the-word-solipsism

Rutter, M.P. & Mintz, S. (2023). ChatGPT: Threat or menace? Higher Ed Gamma.

Salvagno, M., Taccone, F. S., & Gerli, A. G. (2023). Artificial intelligence hallucinations. Critical Care, 27(1), 180.

Teague, H. (June, 2023). The Solipsism of generative AI. 10RepLearning blog. https://4oops.edublogs.org/2023/06/27/the-solipsism-of-generative-ai/

Washburn, B. (2023) How Teachers can use ChatGPT to assess students and provide feedback. Brittany        Washburn.com.

Williams, R. (May, 2024 ). AI systems are getting better at tricking us. MIT Technology Review. https://www.technologyreview.com/2024/05/10/1092293/ai-systems-are-getting-better-at-tricking-us/


Citation for this blog post: Teague, H. (May, 2024). Scholarly writing: Ethical concerns persist with generative A.I. 10RepLearning blog. https://4oops.edublogs.org/2024/05/29/scholarly-writing-concerns-persist-with-generative-a-i/

Original Post May 29, 2024; Updated June 1, 2024


Memorial Day Weekend ~ Monday

red Poppy in cemetery


In Flanders Fields

by John McCrae, May 1915

In Flanders fields the poppies blow
Between the crosses, row on row,
That mark our place; and in the sky
The larks, still bravely singing, fly
Scarce heard amid the guns below.

We are the Dead. Short days ago
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow,
Loved and were loved, and now we lie
In Flanders fields.

Take up our quarrel with the foe:
To you from failing hands we throw
The torch; be yours to hold it high.
If ye break faith with us who die
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow
In Flanders fields.

American Legion Family - National Poppy Day






Memorial Day Weekend ~ Sunday ~ the Soldier’s Psalm

red Poppy in cemetery


The 91st Psalm:
“Those who live in the shelter of the Most High will find rest in the shadow of the Almighty.
This I declare about the Lord: He alone is my refuge, my place of safety, He is my God, and I trust Him. For He will rescue you from every trap and protect you from deadly disease.
He will cover you with His feathers. He will shelter you with His wings. His faithful promises are your armor and protection.
Do not be afraid of the terrors of the night, nor the arrow that flies in the day. Do not dread the disease that stalks in darkness, nor the disaster that strikes at midday.
Though a thousand fall at your side, though ten thousand are dying around you, these evils will not touch you. Just open your eyes and see how the wicked are punished.
If you make the Lord your refuge, if you make the Most High your shelter, no evil will conquer you; no plague will come near your home.
For He will order His angels to protect you wherever you go.
They will hold you up with their hands so you won’t even hurt your foot on a stone.
You will trample upon lions and cobras; you will crush fierce lions and serpents under your feet!
The Lord says, “I will rescue those who love me. I will protect those who trust in my name.
When they call on me, I will answer; I will be with them in trouble. I will rescue and honor them.
I will reward them with a long life and give them my salvation.”


Memorial Day Weekend ~ Saturday

The Significance of Red Poppies to Honor Those Who Gave The Ultimate Sacrifice

Red Poppies Graphics FairyRed poppies have been a symbol of the aftermath of battles. The pairing of Red poppies and mourning for soldiers’ sacrifice has been linked to the Napoleonic war when red poppies (Palaver rhoeas), would be observed growing over soldiers’ graves.
Professor Michael was professor at the University of Georgia at the time the war broke out, yet she took a leave of absence to volunteer at the New York headquarters of the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA). Two days before the armistice, Professor Moina Michael read the poem “In Flanders Fields” by John McCrae. The poem was published in the magazine, Ladies’ Home Journal.
Inspired by John McCrae’s poetic verses, in 1918, Professor Michael wrote her own poem in response, which she titled “We Shall Keep Faith.”

We Shall Keep the Faith
by Moina Michael, November 1918

Oh! you who sleep in Flanders Fields,
Sleep sweet – to rise anew!
We caught the torch you threw
And holding high, we keep the Faith
With All who died.

We cherish, too, the poppy red
That grows on fields where valor led;
It seems to signal to the skies
That blood of heroes never dies,
But lends a lustre to the red
Of the flower that blooms above the dead
In Flanders Fields.

And now the Torch and Poppy Red
We wear in honor of our dead.
Fear not that ye have died for naught;
We’ll teach the lesson that ye wrought
In Flanders Fields.

silk red poppies
Professor Michael gave fabric blooms to her academic colleagues to wear in remembrance of soldiers.  After the war ended, Professor Michael returned to the university town of Athens, Georgia, and thought about the best way to continue her practice of remembrance.
She began to craft and sell red silk poppies to raise money to support war veterans as they returned to the United States.
Over time, Professor Michael organized a campaign to create a national symbol for remembrance which would be a poppy in the colors of the Allied nations’ flags entwined around a victory torch. At the beginning of 1920, she secured a pledge from Georgia’s branch of the American Legion, to adopt the poppy (minus the torch) as its symbol.
In September, 1920, the National American Legion voted to use the poppy as the official U.S. National emblem of remembrance.
American Legion Family - National Poppy Day

Pruitt, S. (2017). The WWI origins of the poppy as a remembrance symbol. History.com.

National American Legion (2021). The Poppy Story. https://www.legion.org/poppyday/history


Weekend Quote ~ May 24

Memorial Day Significance

Originally posted by Donna K.G.




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Weekend Ed. Quote ~ May 17

“Students retain information better when using technology as a learning tool.” ~Vikas Agrawal



Agrawal, V. (2023). 5 ways technology in the classroom can enhance student learning. LifeHack.




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Weekend Ed. Quote ~ May 10

“Believing that one can initiate and sustain change is a key piece of making change possible.”
Etienne Wenger-Trayner (Editor), Learning in Landscapes of Practice, p. 143

Flower Fields photo courtesy of Pamela Marschke-Worrell

Flower Fields photo courtesy of Pamela Marschke-Worrell






Wenger-Trayner, E., Fenton-O’Creevy, M., Hutchinson, S., Kubiak, C., & Wenger-Trayner, B. (Eds.). (2014). Learning in Landscapes of Practice: Boundaries, identity, and knowledgeability in practice-based learning. Routledge.

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